What is Barrett's Esophagus: The esophagus is the muscular tube that carries food and saliva from the mouth to the stomach. This condition is a result from an ongoing irritation of the esophagus where the normal lining is replaced by lining found in the intestines. Most patients with Barrett's have the same symptoms as GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease) which is the underlying irritant in most cases.
Who should be screened for Barrett's esophagus
Recommendation vary but patients who are between 35 to SO years or older who have had symptoms of GERD for 5 or more years should have an Endoscopy to exclude Barrett's.
How is Barrett's Esophagus diagnosis
Barrett's is diagnosed by having an Endoscopy and viewing the lining of the esophagus and biopsy's. An endoscopy uses a small tube with a camera that is inserted through the mouth and into the esophagus.
How is Barrett's treated
Since Barrett's esophagus is related to GERD, treatment includes medication for GERD. These medication can be acid suppression and/or PPI ( Proton Pump Inhibitor). A repeat Endoscopy is recommended in a year.